In our February 2015 edition of the “Topic of the Month”, Ted van Baarda gives you some reflections on the meaning of the term “Neutrality” for the laws of war and its connection to the moral justification of war. His contribution here is an abbreviated version of a speech that he held on November 14, 2014, at the conference “The illusion of the peace disturbed. The Peace Palace and the First World War” at the Peace Palace in The Hague.